Intimidating a witness or victim brody jenner dating kristin cavallari

15-Sep-2019 01:15

In 2004, gang members from Baltimore, Maryland appeared in a DVD entitled Stop Snitching, in which they threaten harm to those who cooperate with police.Stop Snitching tee shirts have also appeared in retail outlets nationwide (Butterfield 2005).That said, small-scale studies and surveys of police and prosecutors suggest that witness intimidation is pervasive and increasing.For example, a study of witnesses appearing in criminal courts in Bronx County, New York revealed that 36 percent of witnesses had been directly threatened; among those who had not been threatened directly, 57 percent feared reprisals.[8] In the United Kingdom, a survey of witnesses appearing in court revealed that a majority had been affected by intimidation either through direct experience (53 percent) or because they feared intimidation (17 percent).Witness intimidation, however, is not the same as repeat victimization.

Witnesses refuse to cooperate with police for reasons that are not related to intimidation.

Finally, it reviews responses to the problem of witness intimidation as identified through research and police practice.

Witness intimidation is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to protecting crime victims and witnesses from further harm.

This guide begins by describing the problem of witness intimidation and reviewing the factors that increase its risks.

It then identifies a series of questions that can help analyze local witness intimidation problems.

Witnesses refuse to cooperate with police for reasons that are not related to intimidation.Finally, it reviews responses to the problem of witness intimidation as identified through research and police practice.Witness intimidation is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to protecting crime victims and witnesses from further harm.This guide begins by describing the problem of witness intimidation and reviewing the factors that increase its risks.It then identifies a series of questions that can help analyze local witness intimidation problems.In witness intimidation, the intent is to discourage the victim from reporting a crime to police or from cooperating with prosecutors, whereas in repeat victimization, the motive is often acquisitive.